Dr. Groms Sandkasten Nr. 9 - Wikipediaseite
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{{Infobox website
| name = SCP Foundation
| logo = SCP Foundation (emblem).svg
| logo_size = 150px
| logo_caption = Logo der SCP Foundation
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| url = {{URL|http://www.scp-wiki.net/}}
| slogan = Secure, Contain, Protect
| commercial = Nein
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| language = [[Englische_Sprache|Englisch]], [[Deutsche_Sprache|Deutsch]] und Weitere{{efn|Es existiert für jede Sprache ein eigenes Wiki. Neben Englisch und Deutsch sind auch Wikis in den folgenden Sprachen offiziell Teil des Projekts: Chinesisch (vereinfacht), Französisch, Italienisch, Japanisch, Koreanisch, Polnisch, Russisch und Spanisch. Daneben existieren noch nicht anerkannte Projekte auf Chinesisch (traditionell), Griechisch, Hebräisch, Latein, "Nordisch" (Dänisch, Faröisch, Norwegisch, Schwedisch), Portugiesisch, Türkisch, Ukrainisch, Ungarisch und Vietnamesisch).<ref name=Ambassadors>{{cite web|title=Ambassadors|url=http://05command.wikidot.com/ambassador-main|website=O5 Command|accessdate=15. Februar 2018}}</ref>}}
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| content_license = [[Creative_Commons|CC BY-SA 3.0]]<ref>{{cite web|last1=DrClef|title=Licensing Guide|url=http://www.scp-wiki.net/licensing-guide|website=SCP Foundation|access-date=27 May 2015}}</ref>
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| launch_date = {{Plainlist|*{{Start date and years ago|2008|01|19}} (Original)
*{{Start date|2008|07|19}} (Derzeitige Seite)<ref name=hist>{{cite web|last1=Roget|title=History Of The Universe: Part One|url=http://www.scp-wiki.net/history-of-the-universe-part-one|website=SCP Foundation|accessdate=12 February 2015}}</ref>}}
*{{Start date|2016|04|05}} (Deutsche Seite){{cite web|last1=Dr_Grom|title=About the Foundation in Germany |url=http://scp-wiki-de.wikidot.com/about-the-foundation-in-germany|website=SCP Foundation|accessdate=15 February 2018}}</ref>}}
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The '''SCP Foundation''' is a fictional organization that is the subject of a web-based [[collaborative writing]] project of the same name. The stories generated by the project describe the exploits of the  Foundation, supposedly responsible for containing individuals, entities, locations, and objects that violate natural law (referred to as SCPs). The main written works on the SCP Foundation website are articles written in the style of structured internal documentation about the contained SCPs. The website also contains thousands of "Foundation Tales", short stories set within the universe of the SCP Foundation. 

The SCP Foundation series has received praise for its ability to convey horror through its scientific and academic writing style, as well as for its high quality standards. The SCP Foundation has also inspired numerous spin-off works, including the video game ''[[SCP – Containment Breach]]''.

==Overview of series==
[[Fictional universe|In-universe]], the SCP Foundation is a [[secret organization]] entrusted by governments around the globe to contain and study anomalous individuals, entities, locations, objects, and phenomena that defy natural law (referred to as SCPs).<ref name="SCiP"/> SCP objects, if left uncontained, pose a threat to humans — or, at the very least, to humanity's sense of reality and normalcy.<ref name=SCiP>{{cite web|last1=The Administrator|title=About The SCP Foundation|URL=http://www.scp-wiki.net/about-the-scp-foundation|website=SCP Foundation|accessdate=13 February 2015}}</ref>

The existence of SCPs is kept secret by the SCP Foundation to prevent [[mass panic]] and related chaos, and to allow human civilization to function normally. When an SCP is discovered, the SCP Foundation deploys agents to either collect and transport the SCP to a Foundation facility, or to contain it at its location of discovery if transport is not possible. Once SCPs are contained, they are studied by Foundation scientists. Prison inmates acquired by the Foundation (referred to as D-class) are used to interact with dangerous SCPs due to the danger posed by those SCPs and the expendability of the D-class.<ref name="SCiP"/>

The SCP Foundation maintains documentation for all of the SCPs in its custody, which can include or [[hyperlink|link]] to related reports and files. These documents describe the SCPs and include instructions for keeping them safely contained.<ref name="SCiP"/> 

===Examples of contained SCPs===
<!-- To keep this list at a manageable size, please do not add additional SCPs without receiving approval from the talk page. Approved SCPs must be covered by sources independent of the SCP Foundation, and should either be referenced elsewhere in this article or show off the diversity of SCP content. Any additional SCP added without talk page approval WILL be removed. -->
[[File:SCP-087.PNG|thumb|200px|SCP-087, with SCP-087-1 in the background.]]
*'''SCP-055''' is something that causes anyone who examines it to forget its various characteristics, thus making it indescribable except in terms of what it is ''not''.<ref name="day"/>
*'''SCP-087''' is a staircase that appears to descend downwards forever.<ref name="net"/> The staircase is inhabited by SCP-087-1, which is described as a face without a mouth, pupils or nostrils.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Zaeyde|title=SCP-087|url=http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-087|website=SCP Foundation|accessdate=17 May 2015}}</ref>
*'''SCP-108''' is a Nazi bunker system that is only accessible through a portal found in a woman's nose.<ref name=io9>{{cite web|last1=Eichler|first1=Alex|title=Enter the SCP Foundation's Bottomless Catalog of the Weird|url=http://io9.com/5476680/enter-the-scp-foundations-bottomless-catalog-of-the-weird|website=io9|accessdate=6 February 2015}}</ref>
*'''SCP-173''' is a humanoid statue composed of [[rebar]], concrete and [[Krylon]] spray paint.<ref name="day"/> It is stationary when directly observed, but attacks people when line of sight with it is broken.<ref name="net"/> 
*'''SCP-294''' is a coffee machine that can dispense anything that does or can exist in liquid form.<ref name="net"/>
*'''SCP-426''' is a toaster which can only be referred to in the first person.<ref name="net"/><!-- Please do not change this entry to be in the first person. The cognitohazardous effect only applies in-universe. Thank you. -->
*'''SCP-1171''' is a home whose windows are always covered in [[condensation]]; by writing in the condensation on the glass, it is possible to communicate with an extra-dimensional entity whose windows are likewise covered in condensation. This entity bears significant hostility towards humans, but does not know that the Foundation members are humans.<ref name=day/>
*'''SCP-1609''' is a [[mulch]] that teleports into the lungs of anyone who approaches it in an aggressive fashion or while wearing a uniform. It was previously a peaceful chair that teleported to whichever nearby person felt they need to sit down, but it entered its current aggressive state after being inserted into a [[woodchipper]] by a rival organization.<ref name="day"/>
*'''SCP-3008''' is an [[IKEA]] retail store that has an infinite interior space with no outer physical bounds, causing those inside to be trapped. It contains a rudimentary civilization based around those stuck inside.<ref name=ikea>{{cite web|last1=Bechizza|first1=Rob|title=Brilliant short story about being trapped in an infinite IKEA|url=http://boingboing.net/2017/06/29/brilliant-short-story-about-be.html|website=[[Boing Boing]]|date=29 June 2017|accessdate=5 August 2017}}</ref>

==Writing style==
On the SCP Foundation wiki, the majority of works are stand-alone articles that claim to be the “special containment procedures” of a given SCP object.<ref name="day"/> In a standard containment procedure article, each SCP object is assigned a unique identification number; occasionally sub-numbers are assigned to items related to a particular object.<ref name=newsom>Newsom, p.152</ref> The various SCP objects are then assigned an "object class" based on the difficulty of containing the SCP.<ref name="blum"/><ref name=class>{{cite web|last1=Aelanna|last2=SCP Foundation Staff|title=Object Classes|url=http://www.scp-wiki.net/object-classes|website=SCP Foundation|accessdate=13 August 2017}}</ref>{{efn|Frequently used object classes include:
*'''Safe''': SCPs that are understood enough to be reliably contained.<ref name="class"/>
*'''Euclid''': SCPs that are either not understood enough to reliably contain or that behave in an unpredictable manner.<ref name="class"/>
*'''Keter''': SCPs that either cannot be fully contained or that require overly complex and elaborate procedures to contain.<ref name="class"/>
*'''Thaumiel''': SCPs used to contain other SCPs.<ref name="blum"/>
*'''Explained''': SCPs whose anomalous effects can be fully explained by conventional science.<ref name="blum"/>
*'''Neutralized''': SCPs that are either destroyed or cease anomalous behavior.<ref name="blum"/><ref name="class"/>}} The documentation then outlines proper containment procedures and safety measures, and then describes the SCP object in question.<ref name="day"/> Addenda, such as images, research data or status updates, may also be attached to the document.  The reports are written in a pseudo-scientific tone and often "[[Sanitization (classified information)|redact]]" information.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Dinicola|first1=Nick|title=Creepypasta Gaming: Where the Internet "Learns Our Fears"|url=http://www.popmatters.com/column/188172-creepypasta-gaming-where-the-internet-learns-our-fears/|website=Pop Matters|accessdate=6 February 2015}}</ref> As of February 2018, articles exist for over 3,700 SCP objects<!-- To update this count, please save the tag page in archive.is and update the archive.is link in the citation. -->;<ref>[https://archive.is/MmWCj List of pages tagged with scp], SCP Foundation. Retrieved 10 February, 2018. Archived from [http://www.scp-wiki.net/system:page-tags/tag/scp#pages the original] on 10 February, 2018.</ref>{{efn|Including deliberately humorous "joke" SCP objects and SCP objects that were archived in lieu of deletion.}} new articles are frequently added.<ref name="day"/>

The SCP Foundation contains several hundred short stories referred to as "Foundation Tales".<ref name="day"/> The stories are set within the world of the SCP Foundation, and often focus on or reference SCP Foundation staff or SCP entities.<ref>Tapscott, p. 122</ref><ref name="blum"/> Gregory Burkhart, writing for [[Blumhouse Productions]], noted that some of the Foundation Tales had a dark and bleak tone, while others were "surprisingly light-hearted".<ref name=blum>{{cite web|last1=Burkart|first1=Gregory|title=Creepypasta: The Story Behind “The SCP Foundation”|url=http://www.blumhouse.com/2015/10/29/creepypasta-of-the-week-the-scp-foundation/|website=Blumhouse Productions|accessdate=10 October 2016}}</ref>

The SCP Foundation lacks a central [[canon (fiction)|canon]],<ref name="day"/> but stories on the wiki are frequently linked together to create larger narratives.<ref name=alex>Alexander, p.72</ref>  Contributors have the ability to create "canons", which are clusters of SCPs and Foundation Tales with similar locations, characters and central plot. Many "canons" have hub pages that explain their basic concept and provide information such as timelines and character lists.<ref>Tapscott, p. 122-123</ref>

The genre has been described as [[science fiction]], [[urban fantasy]] and [[horror fiction|horror]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.neoteo.com/scp-087-escaleras-a-lo-desconocido/|title=SCP-087: Escaleras a lo desconocido|accessdate=Mar 26, 2015|location=NeoTeo}} "Esta es una comunidad de usuarios y de fanáticos del sci-fi y el terror..." (translation: "This is a community of users and of sci-fi and horror fans...")</ref><ref name="SCiP"/>

==Community==
The SCP Foundation series originated in the "paranormal" /x/ forum of [[4chan]], where the first special containment procedure, SCP-173, was posted in 2007<ref>{{cite web|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080605225613/http://4chanarchive.org/brchive/dspl_thread.php5?thread_id=70544932&x=Special+Containment+Procedures|title=Security Procedural Document|website=4chan|accessdate=5 June 2008}}</ref>. Many other special containment procedures were created shortly after, inspired by SCP-173.<ref name="day"/> A stand-alone wiki was created in January 2008 on the EditThis [[wiki hosting service]] to display the SCP articles.<ref name=fanta>Pedullà, Lorenzo (25 July 2017) [http://www.fantascienza.com/22696/cos-e-la-scp-foundation Cos'è la SCP Foundation?], ''Fantascienza.com''. Retrieved 18 August 2017.</ref><ref name="hist"/> In July 2008, the SCP Foundation series was transferred to its current [[Wikidot]] website due to restrictions present at EditThis.<ref name="day"/><ref name="fanta"/><ref name="hist"/>

The current Wikidot website contains numerous standard wiki features such as keyword searches and article lists. The wiki also contains a news hub, guides for writers and a central discussion forum. Wikidot users are required to submit an application before they are allowed to post content.<ref name="day"/> Every article on the wiki is assigned a discussion page, where members can evaluate and provide constructive criticism on submitted stories. The discussion pages are frequently used by authors to improve their stories.<ref name=fiftyfour>Newsom, p. 154</ref><ref name="alex"/> Members also have the ability to “upvote” articles they like and to “downvote” articles they dislike; articles that receive too many net downvotes are deleted. <ref name="fiftyfour"/><ref>Tapscott, p. 117-118</ref> Writers from the [[Daily Dot]] and Bustle have noted that the website maintains strict quality control standards, and that sub-par content tends to be quickly removed.<ref name="day"/><ref name=bust>{{cite web|last1=Peters|first1=Lucia|title=The 10 Scariest Urban Legends on the Internet to Bring a Shiver to Your Spine This Halloween|url=http://www.bustle.com/articles/38889-the-10-scariest-urban-legends-on-the-internet-to-bring-a-shiver-to-your-spine-this#!|website=Bustle|accessdate=6 February 2015}}</ref>

The Wikidot website routinely holds creative writing contests to encourage submissions.<ref>Tapscott, p.118</ref> For example, in November 2014, the SCP Foundation held a "[[Dystopia]] Contest" in which its members were encouraged to submit writings about the Foundation set in a bleak or degraded world.<ref name="cross"/> 

The SCP Foundation maintains a forum on [[Reddit]] and a [[role-playing]] community.<ref name="day"/><ref>{{cite web|last1=Sitterson|first1=Aubrey|title=The 11 weirdest subreddits|url=http://www.geek.com/news/the-11-weirdest-subreddits-1647370/|website=Geek|accessdate=21 February 2016}}</ref> Notable contributors to the SCP Foundation include screenwriter [[Max Landis]].<ref name=SCPTweet>[https://twitter.com/Uptomyknees/status/509429507015864321 MY #SCP! If you like it, please upvote! http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-2137], by Max Landis, on Twitter; posted 9 September 2014; retrieved 17 July 2015</ref>

==Reception==
The SCP Foundation has received largely positive reviews. Michelle Starr of [[CNET]] praised the creepy nature of the series.<ref name=net>{{cite web|last1=Starr|first1=Michelle|title=SCP Foundation web series coming to YouTube|url=http://www.cnet.com/news/scp-foundation-web-series-coming-to-youtube/#!|website=CNET|accessdate=6 February 2015|ref=a}}</ref> Gavia Baker-Whitelaw, writing for the [[Daily Dot]], praised the originality of the SCP Foundation and described it as the "most uniquely compelling horror writing on the Internet".<ref name="day"/> She noted that special containment procedures rarely contained gratuitous gore. Rather, the horror of the series was often established through the reports' "pragmatic" and "deadpan" style, as well as through the inclusion of detail.<ref name="day">{{cite web|last1 = Baker-Whitelaw|first1 = Gavia|title = Meet the secret foundation that contains the world's paranormal artifacts|url = http://www.dailydot.com/fandom/scp-foundation-paranormal-artifact-containment-horror/|website = The Daily Dot|accessdate = 6 February 2015|date = January 9, 2014}}</ref> Lisay Suhay, writing for the [[Christian Science Monitor]], also noted the SCP Foundation's "tongue-in-cheek style".<ref name=cross>{{cite web|last1=Suhay|first1=Lisa|title=Urban Druid writing contest: What's behind the dark-side fiction?|url=http://www.csmonitor.com/The-Culture/Culture-Cafe/2014/1110/Urban-Druid-writing-contest-What-s-behind-the-dark-side-fiction|publisher=The Christian Science Monitor|accessdate=17 March 2015}}</ref>

Alex Eichler, writing for [[io9]], noted that the series had varying levels of quality and that some of the reports were dull or repetitive. However, he praised the SCP Foundation for not becoming overly dark, and for containing more light-hearted reports. Additionally, he praised the wide variety of concepts covered in the report, and noted that the SCP Foundation contained writings that would appeal to all readers.<ref name=io9/>

Winston Cook-Wilson, writing for ''[[Inverse (website)|Inverse]]'', compared the SCP Foundation to the writings of American author [[H. P. Lovecraft]] (1890-1937). Like Lovecraft, SCP Foundation case files generally lack action sequences and are written in a pseudo-academic tone. Cook-Wilson argued that both Lovecraft’s works and those of the SCP Foundation were strengthened by the tensions between their detached scientific tone and the unsettling, horrific nature of the stories being told.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Cook-Wilson|first1=Winston|title=Scare Season: SCP, the Creepypasta for 'X-Files' and H.P. Lovecraft Fans|url=https://www.inverse.com/article/7474-scare-season-scp-the-creepypasta-for-x-files-and-h-p-lovecraft-fans|website=Inverse|accessdate=31 October 2015}}</ref>

Bryant Alexander, writing in ''The New Digital Storytelling'' stated that the SCP Foundation is possibly “the most advanced achievement of wiki storytelling” due to the large-scale and recurring  process through which the SCP Foundation’s user-base creates literary content.<ref>Alexander p. 73</ref>

==Spin-off works==
The SCP Foundation has inspired multiple [[indie games|independent video games]]. One of these games is ''[[SCP – Containment Breach]]''. In the game, the protagonist is a member of D-class personnel who attempts to escape the facility he is stationed at during a containment breach. During the escape attempt, the protagonist is forced to avoid numerous SCPs, including SCP-173, a concrete statue that moves towards and attacks the player when not observed or SCP-106 which is an old man covered in a black substance which can pass through solid matter and teleport the player in a "[[Pocket dimension|pocket universe]]".<ref name="day"/> Other SCP Foundation video games include ''SCP-087'' and ''SCP-087-B'', both based on SCP-087, with the latter being loosely inspired by it.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Smith|first1=Adam|title=The Neverending Stairway: SCP-087|url=http://www.rockpapershotgun.com/2012/02/21/the-neverending-stairway-scp-087/|website=Rock, Paper, Shotgun|accessdate=7 February 2015}}</ref>

In addition to video games, a stage play entitled "Welcome to the Ethics Committee" was performed in Dublin during 2014. The play focused on the SCP Foundation's Ethics Committee and its task of limiting unethical tactics utilized by the SCP Foundation to contain the paranormal.<ref name=Belfield>[https://web.archive.org/web/20150811032448/http://belfieldfm.ie/2014/10/08/welcome-to-the-ethics-committee/ "Welcome to the Ethics Committee"], at Belfield FM/UCD Student Radio (via archive.org); by Una Power; published 8 October 2014; archived 11 August 2015</ref> A live-action web-series also entered production in 2013 which was based on the SCP Foundation.<ref name="net"/>

Other spin-offs include The Wanderer's Library, a similar writing project focusing on another organization in the SCP universe, the Serpent's Hand.<ref name ="Links"/>

==Notes==
{{notelist}}

==References==
{{Reflist|30em}}
===Bibliography===
*{{cite book|last1=Alexander|first1=Bryan|title=New Digital Storytelling, The: Creating Narratives with New Media--Revised and Updated Edition, 2nd Edition|date=2017|publisher=ABC-CLIO|isbn=9781440849619|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=_NgoDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA72&dq=SCP+Foundation|accessdate=1 August 2017|language=en}}
*Newsom, E. T. (2013). "Participatory storytelling and the new folklore of the digital age". PhD dissertation, [[Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute]]: [http://digitool.rpi.edu:8881/R/96EBV7KDT8ALSNA49MCGMB79L9RNTVQ8CGTUFYEXI5J5LQJ2RK-00519?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=170129&local_base=GEN01&pds_handle=GUEST Abstract].
*Tapscott, Alan (2017) “[http://hdl.handle.net/10803/441755 Perceived Consistency and Coherence in Collaborative Story World]”. Doctoral Thesis. [[Pompeu Fabra University]]

==External links==
*{{Official website|http://www.scp-wiki.net/}}

[[Category:Collaborative fiction]]
[[Category:Creative Commons-licensed websites]]
[[Category:Fictional government investigations of the paranormal]]
[[Category:Fictional intelligence agencies]]
[[Category:Experimental medical treatments in fiction]]
[[Category:Internet properties established in 2008]]
[[Category:Science fiction horror]]
[[Category:Science fiction websites]]
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